A DESTINATION OF ANOTHER ERA
Didymoteicho is a municipality of the Region of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace, with Didymoteicho as its headquarters and largest city. It has an area of 565.4 sq. km. and a population of about 19 thousand inhabitants. The Municipality of Didymoteicho consists of 2 municipal units. That of the municipal unit of the same name and the municipal unit of Metaxadon. The Municipality borders to the north with the Municipality of Orestiada, to the south with the Municipality of Soufli, to the west with Bulgaria and to the east is the river Evros and the border with Turkey. Its permanent population is 186 inhabitants in a total of three settlements: Megalo Chorio, Mikro Chorio and Agios Georgios which is the port of the island. Also, the inhabitants are engaged in animal husbandry, agriculture, fishing and in recent years in tourism. With reference to the island’s name, it comes from paretymology of the thorn grass plant (‘agathi’ in greek) that is abundant on the island. Agathonisis’s highest place is the area Dendra at 209 meters. What’s more, there are six rocky islets around the island: In the south is Kouneli, in the north is Nero, Strongilo, the Piato, the Psathonisi and Praso, and in the east is Katsagani.
Didymoteicho has a huge history starting from the Neolithic Age. During the Iron Age (1600-600 BC) Thracian tribes settled in the area. During the Hellenistic Era, the settlement that existed in the area seems to have flourished. During the Byzantine Period and especially the city of Didymoteicho was an important administrative and military base of the Empire. At the same time, the city of the same name became the capital of the Byzantine Empire three times. In 1361 the region falls into the hands of the Ottomans and begins a dark period of decline and enslavement of the inhabitants, until July 1920 and the union of Didymoteicho with Greece. After the Asia Minor Disaster in 1922 and the Treaty of Lausanne, Greek refugees from Asia Minor, Eastern and Northern Thrace settled in the area.
HOW TO GET THERE
You can reach the Municipality of Didymoteicho via the road network with your vehicle. By KTEL from Alexandroupolis and Thessaloniki, but also by railway, with stations in various areas of the Municipality.
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