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CAVE TOURISM

  • Cave of Agia Sophia Mylopotamos: It was first explored in 1955. It is 100 meters long. The cave is located in a position with a magnificent view, outside the village of Mylopotamos, on steep rocks, at a height of 50 meters above sea level. In addition, there one can explore the natural wealth, stalactites, stalagmites and various types of rocks. In the vestibule of the cave is the Temple of Agia Sophia.
  • Cave of Agia Sophia Kalamou: It is located in a green ravine, in a small cave, inside which the chapel of Agia Sophia has been built.

• Housti Cave: There were discovered findings from 3800 BC, from the classical, Roman era and from later times as well.

CLIMBING TOURISM

  • Route Via Ferrata Palaiochora – Kakia Lagada: We are in a gorge that connects one of the most important historical monuments of the island, the castle town of Paleochora with Kakia Lagada, a particularly beautiful beach in the northeast. The route extends in 14 sections along the entire length of the gorge. The route can be done both ways and the degree of difficulty is the same on both sides.

ECOTOURISM

  • The island has significant biodiversity with many endemic species of flora, fauna and migratory birds.
  • One can come across pine forests, olive groves, ravines, waterfalls, mountains with a magnificent view, fairy-tale sandy or rocky beaches and verdant meadows.

• The lovers of this tourism should visit the following surrounding areas: the village of Mylopotamos, the Neraida waterfalls, Mylos, the area of ​​Portokalia of Karavas, Vrysi between the villages of Mitata and Viaradiki, the gorge of Paleochora.

  • Exploration in the canyons. In the center and west of the island, in the village of Mylopotamos and starting from the Neraida waterfall, you will move to one of the richest wetlands on the island, where running water, waterfalls, lush vegetation and a complex of dozens of watermills make up a magical landscape. The canyon does not change much from winter to summer. The use of rope techniques depends on the amount of water. During the winter, especially when there is a large amount of water, the passage through the gorges is done by diving and slides. The longest descent is 10 meters.

• In the western part of the island and starting from the bridge on the road before the cave monastery of Panagia tis Orphani, start the descent to the enchanting Kalami beach. The canyon is quite narrow in its largest part. It has 11 technical descents with the longest being 15 meters. In winter, when the canyon runs, most of them can go out with dives and slides. In the summer, all descents require the use of a rope due to the absence of water.

FISHING TOURISM

From Avlemonas with two modern, comfortable, fast and safe boats “Faneromeni and Panagia” belonging to the Sklavos family, or Bocheta, which has been active in fishing for three generations, based in the picturesque fishing village of Avlemonas

HIKING TOURISM

The paths of Kythera are an integral part of the culture and history of the place, with more than 100 kilometers of marked paths, lasting from two to six hours of walking. The degree of difficulty varies. The most beautiful paths are the following:

  • Route M19: Avlemonas – Agios Giorgis: 3 km, 1:30′. The oldest path of the island dates back to the Minoan period.
  • Route M36 Diakofti – Agia Moni: 3 km, 1:10′
  • Route M37 Kolokotronis – Diakofti: 4.7 km, 2 hours
  • Route M31 Potamos – Paleochora: 3.4 km, 1:30′
  • Route M1 Chora – Kapsali: 3km, 2 hours
  • Route M11 Livadi – Kapsali: 8.2 km, 3 hours
  • Route M15 Louradianika – Kapsali: 4.7 km, 2 hours

No route is circular except the M1.

  • Via Ferrata is the ideal mix of hiking, canyoning and climbing

Safari

  • The tour of the island: 130 km around the island, lasts 8-9 hours
  • Sunrise: 45 kilometers central and east of the island, lasts 4 hours

• Sunset: 60 kilometers north and west of the island, lasts 5 hours

HISTORICAL TOURISM

  • “Housti” Cave – Diakofti: Archaeological finds in this cave date back to 5000 BC.
  • Palaiokastro Hill: The ancient capital of the island, where the Temple of Saints Anargyro Cosmas and Damianos is located, which was built on the site of the ancient sanctuary of Dioskouri Kastor and Polydeukis. In addition, around the temple of Saint George of the Mountain, you can explore a sanctuary dating back to the geometric years.
  • Paleopolis: Minoan, chamber tombs and the surviving part of the Castle, which protected the port of Scandia until the 7th century. AD
  • Ancient quarries – on the way to Avlemonas
  • Castles of Kythera
  • Palaiochora: Byzantine state dedicated to Agios Dimitrios, standing proud as it was left by the pirate Barbarossa who destroyed it in 1537.
  • Castle of Mylopotamos: admire the Byzantine churches from there.
  • Castle of Chora: Gaze at the magnificent view as far as Antikythera and Crete.

• Fortress Castella – Avlemonas: during the Venetian period, it protected the new port that began to be used after the port in Skandia was silted up.

MARINE TOURISM

Sea tours: you will meet sea turtles and seals that choose specific beaches and caves on the island to give birth

Scuba diving: Cannons of an old corsair, huge winches of modern wrecks, parts of airplanes from the 2nd world war and of course sea turtles, seals, otters, octopuses, lobsters and cuttlefish, accompany the lover of underwater diving

Sea Kayak

Sailing

RELIGIOUS TOURISM

The island has approximately 350 churches and chapels, while the historic Monasteries are sleepless guardians of faith and tradition.

  • The most important pilgrimage of Kythira is the Holy Monastery of Panagia Myrtidiotissa where the holiest relic of the island is also kept: the miraculous icon of Panagia, probably one of the works of Luke the Evangelist, which was miraculously found in Kythira in the 16th century (according to another delivery on the 11th). The Monastery celebrates on August 15 and September 24.
  • Also, on the Sunday of Orthodoxy, you can watch the most important religious custom of the island, the “Circle of the Virgin Mary”, where dozens of believers carry the icon of Myrtidiotissa on foot from the Monastery to Chora (16 km), where it remains for 40 days. On Easter Monday, the icon is taken to all the villages of Kythira and enters every Church it meets on the way, to end up in the Monastery again on Palm Sunday.
  • The Pilgrimage of Saint Elessa, who was martyred in Kythira in 375 AD. is located on one of the highest points of the island. The view from there is magnificent. The Pilgrimage celebrates the 1st of August, the martyrdom day of the Saint.
  • The Holy Monastery of Saint Theodoros is located just outside the River, in the place where Saint Theodoros practiced asceticism around 900 AD. The Holy Cara of Osios is kept in the Monastery. The Monastery celebrates on May 12, the day of the Dormition of the Saint.
  • The Monastery of Agia Moni is located on the mountain above the port of Diakofti and is dedicated to the Virgin Mary and the Transfiguration of Christ. He celebrates on August 6.
  • In Kapsali is the Pilgrimage of Agios Ioannou in Krimnos. It is a church-cave, where according to tradition John the Evangelist stayed until the moment he left for Patmos to write the Apocalypse.

• Finally, one can visit the Byzantine and Post-Byzantine churches, which are scattered throughout the island.

SPORT TOURISM

Cycling routes: of Agia Pelagia, Paleopolis – Aulaimon, and Mitata – Friligianiki – Aroniadiki – Potamos.

MUSEUMS

  • Archaeological Museum of Kythera: It is located in Chora of Kythera. Archaeological findings dating back to the 9th millennium BC are exhibited there. until the 3rd century A.D.

• Byzantine Museum: It is located in the square of Kato Livadi. Early Christian, Byzantine and post-Byzantine works of art are kept there.

NIGHTLIFE

Tasteful bars you will find in the coastal villages of Kapsali, Agia Pelagia, Diakofti and Avlemonas as well as in Chora, Potamos, Mylopotamos and Livadi.

FESTIVALS & EVENTS

  • On the first Saturday of Lent, the Monastery of Agioi Theodoros celebrates, as Agios Theodoros is the patron saint of the island.
  • Annual dance of the Agricultural Cooperative in Livadi, the last Saturday of August.
  • Mediterranean Music and Theater Festival, in Kapsali, during the summer months.
  • Celebration of Agia Elessa with a popular pilgrimage to the monastery of the same name, on August 1st.
  • Wine Festival, during the first weekend of August.
  • The dance in Limanaki of Avlemonas, on August 6.
  • Traditional dances in Potamos, August 15.
  • Agricultural Fair: Agricultural festival held at the end of August in Fratsia.
  • The dance of Kalamos, on September 15, the day of the feast of Agios Nikitas.
  • The dance in Agia Pelagia, September 23.
  • September 24: Celebration at the monastery of Panagia Myrtidiotissa. Also, every spring starting on the Sunday of Orthodoxy, where the icon is litanically for fifteen days throughout the island, from village to village, ending in Chora.

• Carnival events, artist concerts, theatrical events.

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